Are benign prostatic hypertrophy and benign prostatic hyperplasia the same condition?
Does apoptosis mean programmed cell death or abnormal increase in the number of cells?
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As the male ages, the prostate gland may undergo tissue changes called prostatic hyperplasia, which is the abnormal increase in the number of cells. The result is an enlarged prostate gland, referred to as prostatic hypertrophy. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the correct term for the pathologic process, but benign prostatic hypertrophy is also currently used to describe this condition. As the gland enlarges, it causes narrowing of the urethra, which interferes with the passage of urine. Symptoms include frequency of urination, nocturia, urinary retention, and incomplete emptying of the bladder.
From Exploring Medical Language, 9th ED, p.262
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