I live in Vermont. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), my state is one of 14 located in the Northeast and Midwest where 95% of Lyme disease cases were confirmed in 2015. Most who live in these states are familiar with the notion that Lyme disease is spread from an infected deer to humans through a tick bite.
The “blacklegged” tick is on the move, expanding westward into the southern and western U.S. and into Canada bringing with it the possibility of infection. For many people, this is a new threat to their summer outdoor enjoyment.
Key Medical Terms: Lyme disease (an infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria); arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat); Bell’s palsy (facial paralysis); meningitis (inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord); encephalopathy (brain disease); erythema migrans (circular red rash)